“[This] invoice on the administration and [safe] use of private mobility gadgets will result in [greater] reputation and vitalization of the quickly evolving private mobility trade, and also will [help] to stop accidents. We’ll proceed to do our greatest to [ensure] the comfort and security of our residents by [appropriate] laws.”
– Nationwide Assemblyman Keewon Hong
Because the variety of private mobility machine customers in South Korea has elevated, so has the variety of associated accidents. Whereas there may be social consensus on the necessity for laws that addresses, amongst others, security, requirements to be used, and parking points, query is tips on how to appropriately promote the usage of private mobility gadgets whereas selling secure use. In spite of everything, final mile or micromobility options, resembling electrical scooters (“e-scooters”) and electrical bicycles (“e-bikes”), are key elements of the longer term city good mobility.
Shin & Kim’s Mobility Crew discusses the newest legislative growth, and the implications for the trade and companies.
Q: What’s being proposed within the Korean parliament? How will it influence the micromobility trade in Korea?
A: On September 17, 2020, Nationwide Assemblyman Keewon Hong of Korea’s ruling Democratic Get together launched a invoice on the Act on the Administration and Promotion of Use of Private Mobility (“Proposed PM Act”). Mr. Hong did in order the first sponsor, together with 21 different lawmakers. Usually talking, the Proposed PM Act consists of provisions which will have a major influence on the electrical scooter rental enterprise.
Q: Does the proposed invoice solely have an effect on e-scooters?
A: No, the scope of the Proposed PM Act seems to use to different private mobility gadgets aside from e-scooters, resembling e-bikes. This is without doubt one of the main the reason why the mobility trade is inspired to pay shut consideration to the legislative progress of the Proposed PM Act.
Q: Are you able to elaborate on the scope of the Proposed PM Act?
A: We now have seen many information articles reporting that the Korean lawmakers have been discussing the enactment of a PM Act to control e-scooters. By comparability, the language within the Proposed PM Act states that the brand new regulation, if handed, will apply to “sure short-distance transportation gadgets for one individual utilizing electrical energy, that are prescribed by the Ordinance of the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport [emphasis added].” So in keeping with this definition, there’s a risk that the Proposed PM Act will apply to not solely e-scooters, but additionally e-bikes.
Q: To function a private mobility rental enterprise in Korea, is registration required? What about insurance coverage?
A: Sure, with the intention to function a private mobility rental enterprise, registration is required with the municipal authorities, which has jurisdiction over the related space(s) wherein you use. And, underneath the Proposed PM Act, private mobility rental companies are required to not delay in ensuring that their private mobility rental gadgets are usually not left unattended within the prohibited areas. Within the occasion of violation of this obligation, PM rental companies could face an administrative effective of as much as KRW 5 million. Additional, the related municipal authorities could accumulate and get rid of the non-public mobility gadgets which were parked within the prohibited areas (by sale or in any other case).
Q: Does the Proposed PM Act ban parking of private mobility gadgets in areas aside from on the designated stations?
A: Usually talking, sure. The pinnacle of the municipal authorities with jurisdiction over the world wherein you use could designate an space, the place private mobility gadgets is probably not parked or stationed. And private mobility rental companies are required to not delay making certain that their private mobility rental gadgets are usually not left unattended within the prohibited areas. Within the occasion of violation of this obligation, it’s possible you’ll face an administrative effective of as much as KRW 5 million. Additionally, the municipal authorities could accumulate and get rid of (by sale or in any other case) the non-public mobility gadgets which were parked within the prohibited areas.
At the moment, it’s troublesome to foretell which areas can be designated as being prohibited to parking or stationing private mobility gadgets. That mentioned, it’s seemingly that sidewalks with excessive visitors quantity can be designated as prohibited areas to reduce inconvenience to pedestrians.
Given the present operation of e-scooter rental companies in Korea, this obligation could have a lot larger influence than anticipated on the expansion of the e-scooter rental enterprise.
Q: Does the Proposed PM Act embrace security necessities for private mobility gadgets?
A: Sure, in keeping with the Proposed PM Act, private mobility gadgets that can be rented to shoppers ought to meet sure security necessities. As for the main points, we must wait till the lawmakers make such a willpower within the Enforcement Rule to the PM Act.
Q: I perceive that the Proposed PM Act consists of reference to “Public Private Mobility Gadget Enterprise” by the Municipal Authorities. Are you able to clarify?
A: The Proposed PM Act offers a authorized floor to permit the pinnacle(s) of the municipal authorities(s) to function public private mobility machine enterprise in addition to a public e-mobility machine security tools & provide enterprise (e.g., provide of helmets, private mobility machine racks).
Additionally, the Proposed PM Act offers that the Korean central authorities could subsidize municipal governments working a public private mobility enterprise, which is linked to the shoppers’ use of public transportation. Additional, the Proposed PM Act additionally permits municipal governments to put in private mobility machine racks close to public transportation areas.
Q: How will Shin & Kim assist firms on the associated developments?
A: Shin & Kim continues to intently monitor the legislative progress of the Proposed PM Act. We’ll proceed to subject authorized updates on any key points and developments for the trade. When you’ve got any questions or feedback about this Alert or want to obtain extra clarification an insights on the Proposed PM Act, please don’t hesitate to contact us.
Q: What are Shin & Kim’s related capabilities masking these developments and the trade?
A: Our Automotive and Mobility observe offers complete authorized and regulatory recommendation and options to purchasers within the transportation & mobility trade, together with final mile options, resembling e-scooters and e-bikes. The scope of our companies covers recommendation and session on numerous authorized, regulatory and compliance points, full vary of advocacy and investigatory companies, in addition to authorities affairs and policy-related recommendation. Additional, our Automotive and Mobility Crew collaborates intently with different professionals and consultants throughout the agency, together with legislative & authorities affairs, TMT, knowledge privateness & safety, insurance coverage, mental property, labor & employment, litigation & dispute decision to supply personalized companies and options to our purchasers.
As well as, our Legislative & Authorities Affairs Crew is comprised of a bunch of prime consultants, resembling former authorities officers, together with those that served in excessive positions answerable for implementing authorities insurance policies and administration inside Korea’s cabinet-level ministries and different governmental our bodies. Different key members of the observe embrace each Korean and international attorneys with expertise referring to issues involving the Nationwide Meeting and the Blue Home in addition to international authorities expertise, and former senior legislative employees, with wealth of expertise and robust community.